Two and a half years have passed since I wrote about running Munin with fastcgi triggered graphs on Debian etch. Unfortunately, not a lot has changed since then. A revolution in trending would have been nice. When I started here munin was triggering graph generation using CGI and was painfully slow to use. I switched over to cron triggered graph generation and was happy. After a data center migration, drawing the munin graphs for that cluster from cron was taking about 130 seconds. As a precaution I wanted to get this down a bit.
Someone asked me why munin-graph would have caused data loss because munin-update collects the data and I couldn’t remember. I had problems with both munin-update and munin-update taking over five minutes in certain circumstances back then. The latter was primarily from the slow response time of the SNMP queries I was doing against MSSQL servers. That was back during Munin 1.2 as well and a few things have changed since then, most relevant is that you no longer have to patch Munin for fastcgi support.
This time around I used fcgid instead of fastcgi. There are less licensing hurdles for fcgid, which was written to be compatible with fastcgi. Provided you already have munin running, install the prerequsites first.
sudo apt-get install libcgi-fast-perl libdate-manip-perl libapache2-mod-fcgid
The packaging should restart Apache as required to load the new module we just installed, but we need to configure our Munin site a bit to link our CGI script to fcgid. Add this to or update the VirtualHost block for your Apache configuration and reload Apache.
ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/ <Directory /usr/lib/cgi-bin/> AllowOverride None Options ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch Order allow,deny Allow from all </Directory> <Location /cgi-bin/munin-fastcgi-graph> SetHandler fastcgi-script </Location>
Add the following lines to your munin.conf. This causes the munin-graph that is run from cron to not generate any graphs (noops) and munin-html will update the img src links to use the CGI script to generate the graphs rather than linking directly to files. You’ll need to wait for the cron job to run once or run munin-html yourself to trigger this.
graph_strategy cgi cgiurl_graph /cgi-bin/munin-fastcgi-graph
Triggering munin-html manually:
sudo -s sudo -u munin /usr/share/munin/munin-html --debug
Remember that Apache needs to be able to write the graphs out. You will get no graphs and HTTP 500 errors in your Apache logs if the munin-cgi-graph script cannot write the graphs out. My Munin data directory, /var/www/munin/ is owned by ‘munin’ while Apache runs as ‘www-data’. The following commands fix this, but Apache is going to change the user ownership to ‘www-data’ when it saves a file by default, so if you try to switch back to munin-graph via cron, you’ll need to fix permissions again.
sudo chgrp -R www-data /var/www/munin sudo chmod -R g+w /var/www/munin sudo chgrp www-data /var/log/munin /var/log/munin/munin-graph.log sudo chmod g+w /var/log/munin /var/log/munin/munin-graph.log
After the switch to fcgid generated munin graphs, generating all the graphs for a single node would take minutes and was quite painful. I gave the node more CPU resources, but it still took two minutes to draw a page of graphs. I ended up switching back to cron based graph generation. The additional CPU resources cut about forty seconds off the munin-graph time from cron, which is progress. Having the graphs immediately available when you need them is worth the cost of the CPU resources you could otherwise share that you would save from demand based graph generation via CGI. For the time being I intend to keep giving Munin more CPU until I find settle on a better way to do trending.